The Hallmark of diabetes is increased levels of glucose and lipids in the blood. These all are also ingredients of the food and drinks which we consume. The main source of glucose is carbohydrates present in the food.
Since food is the principal source of glucose it also becomes the principal target for control. Controlling food may control blood glucose and cholesterol levels, thus prevent many many deadly complications of diabetes like Heart attack, Angina, Kidney disease, Neuropathy, Blindness etc...What you don't eat is not going to rise in blood..
But to understand what to eat and what not to eat we must first understand our food and its constituents. Food provides us nutrition - Builds up the body- the structural element, bones muscles, skin, the functional parts like organs, glands, and the fluids and secretions produced in the body like digestive juices and various hormones. Food provides energy and is required for maintainence of the body.All these different functions are performed by different constituents of food.
The main constituents of food also called macronutrients which are required on daily basis in large quantities- Carbohydrates, Proteins and Fats. Micronutrients on the other hand are required in very small quantities but are very essential to life, these include vitamins and minerals.
A balanced Diabetic diet is the one which contains all essential nutrients in required quantities to maintain our body functions in Diabetics. A well balanced diet is essential for good health, a balanced diet should provide all essential nutrients in required quantities. Adequate quantities of all different nutrients are required to maintain optimum blood glucose levels in diabetics, Carbohydrates, proteins and fats - all can be converted into glucose and provide energy for functioning of body. Diet also affects the blood levels of harmful and protective cholesterol present in blood. Diabetic diet is discussed in more elaborately in the article DIET in DIABETES, please click here to read....