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Food & Diabetes

Nutrition in Diabetes
  • Macronutrients in Diabetes

    Macronutrients are required in large quantities and constitute a large proportion of our diet; these are

    Carbohydrates

    Sugars, Wheat flour, Potatoes and Starch are main sources of CarbohydratesCarbohydrates are the principal source of energy, these are oxidized into simpler sugars like glucose to provide energy to the basic unit of the body- the cells. They are also the main culprits in

    raising blood glucose levels- both the quantity and type of carbohydrates need to be regulated in diabetics. Examples:- Fruits, vegetables, sugar, jaggery, honey, pulses, cereals, nuts, milk etc.

    Proteins

    Meat & Poultry are biggest sources of ProteinsProteins form the building blocks, form cells, enzymes, secretions, hormones and also provide energy, excess of proteins may lead to high blood glucose as well, protein intake need to be restricted in renal complications of diabetes. Examples:-Meat, Milk and its products, pulses, eggs, legumes like soya bean, fish etc

    Fats

    Fats - important in Diabetic Diet

     

    Highly concentrated forms of energy, more than double that of carbohydrates, besides giving energy they also lubricate the internal organs, form linings and padding for them, required for the transport of fat soluble vitamins, vit K, vit E etc, both fats and proteins are converted to glucose through a process called gluconeogenesis in liver.  Examples:-Oils, Nuts, Fat, Lard, Butter, Clarified butter ( Ghee) meat, fish, seeds



  • Micronutrients in Diabetes

    Micronutrients - these are required in very small quantities but are essential to the proper functioning of our body.

    Vitamins

    Vitamins are some chemical substances required in very small quantities, but essential for maintainance of health and proper functioning of body. Deficiency of these vitamins may lead to many specific diseases. Vitamins are not synthesized in the body and have to be consumed with the food only. Some vitamins are made by the bacterias residing in our intestines from the food which we consume. Vitamins are essential for functioning of nerves, clotting of blood and many other functions in the body.

    Minerals

    Minerals are are elements other than Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon and Hydrogen which are used by the human body and essential for its functioning, these substances are usually consumed through diet and their quantity is suficient in a balanced diet. Minerals are present in green vegetables, pulses, fruits, legumes, meat and poultry,

  • Diabetes Care
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    Diabetes is a special disease; a Diabetes patient needs considerable time and...

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  • Diabetes Care
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    Diabetes is a special disease; a Diabetes patient needs considerable time and...

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